Vocabulary students must know and spell correctly is:
There are four basic rules for forming english comparatives.
1. Adjectives of one sylable end in -er. However, if the adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant
we double the last consonant before adding the -er.
She is smaller than you think.
Mount Everest is higher than Ben Nevis.
I am bigger than you.
Half of the world is fatter than the other half.
2. Adjectives that have 2 sylables or more do not change but we put the word 'more' before them.
This food is more delicious than mine.
The book is more imaginative than the film.
Please be more careful.
Every year is more difficult than the last.
3. Adjectives that end in -y lose the -y and gain -ier. However, if the adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant we double the last consonant before adding the -ier.
She is happier than her sister.
He's crazier than a fox.
A domestic cat is lazier than a wild one.
A flower is prettier than a weed.
4. There are some irregular adjectives that do not follow any of these rules.
Good = better
Manchester Utd are better than Chelsea.
Bad = worse
Chelsea are worse than Manchester Utd.
When we compare things we can say things are more than, less than or the same.
More than: When we want to say someone or something is more than someone or something we use the adjective rules above and more than.
He is fatter than an elephant.
This program is more interesting than the one we watched last night.
That girl is prettier than a flower.
The weather is better in Spain than in Germany.
Less than: When we want to say someone or something is less than someone or something the adjective does not change. It goes between not as and as.
Spain is not as big as America.
The English homwework is not as difficult as the science homework
Macdonalds is not as tasty as Burger King.
Last year was not as good as this one
The same: When we want to say someone or something is the same as someone or something, the adjective does not change. It goes between as and as.
She is as tall as you.
Orange is as attractive as yellow.
The boys are as naughty as the girls.
The pasta is as bad as the pizza.
Online comparative exercises
Online comparative football game
Relative clauses with who
We use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting another sentence.
The relative clause for people is who.
I lke this woman. She wears a red hat.
I like this woman who wears a red hat.
My friend is a good person. He helps people.
My friend is a good person who helps people.
Writing: **Island of Echoes reward: Any writing that recieves an 8 or more = 1 point and 3 gold coins (per student).**
Students need to know how to write two short paragraphs using the present simple and present continuous to describe what the do every day and what they are doing at
They must use present simple.
They must use present continuous.
They must use adjectives.
They must use at least two relative clauses with who
My name is Marcos and I have got short curly hair. Every day I get up and go to school. I study many subjects in school but maths is my favourite. My maths teacher who has short black hair is interesting and helpful.
At the moment I am sitting in my bedroom. I am looking out of my window at the colourful flowers in my garden. My sister is playing with her dolls on the green grass. She is with her friend who is laughing at our enormous hairy dog and tiny chihuahua.